The Endangered Species Act (ESA), signed by President Nixon on December 28, 1973 (which replaced the Endangered Species Conservation Act of 1969), provides for the conservation of species which are in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of their range.? "Species" is defined by the Act to mean either a species, a subspecies, or, for vertebrates only, a distinct population.
A species must be listed if it is threatened or endangered due to any of the following five factors:
Because of the intimate connection between "endangered" and "extinct", the following items are of interest:
50 - 100 species become extinct every day.? The  extinction rate of animals is the greatest since the end of the dinosaurs."Humane Society of the United States.
There are five different kinds or subspecies of tiger alive in the world today.These are the Siberian, South China, Indochinese, Bengal, and Sumatran Tigers.They are an endangered species, only about 3,200 tigers are left in the wild. Three tiger subspecies, the Bali, Javan, and Caspian tigers have become extinct in the past 70 years.Many Cats today are threatened Cause of poaching and habitat loss.Tigers face multiple threats. The poaching of the cats and their prey, combined with a striking loss of habitat, are the main reasons that led to the decline of their populations in the last decade. A dead adult tiger male can sell for U.S. $10,000 or more on the black market.
Trophy Hunting Is Under The Spotlight Following Killing of Cecil The Lion Cecil was an adult male lion who was run off his territory by a younger male rival who took over his pride. Proving that you are never too old to go home, Cecil teamed with another older male lion, Jericho, and went back into his territory to reclaim his pride. Having vanquished the rival, Cecil and Jericho lived in the safety and protection of the private concession in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe along with their females and their cubs. Cecil was a magnificent and elegant male, full dark mane – he proudly wore his battle scars and sired cubs with the females of his pride. In July of 2015, a conspiracy of greed and the lack of any morals resulted in a hunter and his guide luring Cecil with bait, out of his protected area and onto a concession owned by a disreputable landowner who took money to allow the men to hunt Cecil on his land. From reports we have read, these individuals found Cecil on the bait at night, blinded him with their vehicle’s spotlight, and because they were as horrible with a bow and arrow as they were with any sense of decency, shot Cecil, wounding him. Cecil was not afraid of humans or cars so it would have been completely easy for them to drive right up on him. Cecil spent the next two days bleeding from his wounds and suffering horribly. Finally the hunter and guide caught up with him, shot him, beheaded him and skinned him. It is known who these men are, they have been made to appear in court and we will post updates in the hopes that they are made to pay for this atrocity. Cecil became like a friend to all who encountered him, proud, playful – a true success story for anyone who has had to get back on their feet. The perfect example for all of us how teamwork can help us achieve our goals when we work together. This page is dedicated not only to Cecil, but to everyone who has been touched by him, whether you have had the blessing of being with Cecil in his environment with his family or are only meeting him through the sheer tragedy of his death. This page is also dedicated to every single person who is touched enough to do something about the type of hunting taking place in Africa, decimating entire species. And lastly, this page is dedicated to our children and grandchildren, for without our efforts, there will be no more Cecil’s to visit in their homes, in their world. Thank you Cecil for touching all of us. #Cecilives
Visit Cecil The Lions Home Page: Cecil The Lion
Canned Hunts According to a new documentary called Blood Lions, foreign hunters kill two to three lions every day in South Africa. Unlike Cecil, however, these aren’t wild lions. They are captive cats, born and bred in cages solely for the purpose of selling them for “canned hunts”—excursions in small, walled-in encampments where hunters can easily shoot the semi-tame animals without having to stalk them across the savanna. More than 95% of the lions killed by hunters in South Africa are captive-bred.
According to the government of South Africa, private operators hold between 6,000 and 8,000 captive African lions in approximately 200 facilities where canned lion hunts sell for around $45,000 each, though price tags rise depending on the size and colour of the male lion’s mane. Of the 1,052 trophies from captive lions traded internationally in 2015, American hunters killed 686 animals, and imported their body parts into the United States – about 65 percent of the total.
Effective February 4, SCI will no longer "accept advertising from any operator for any such hunts, or allow operators to sell hunts for lions bred in captivity at the SCI Annual Hunters’ Convention,” or include any entries of captive bred lions into its Record Book.
Pippa Hankinson, producer of the film Blood Lions®️, said “South Africa’s lion breeding industry is truly shameful. Lion cubs are ripped from their mothers as early as a few days old and hand reared to habituate them to people. Paying volunteers then raise these lions under the false belief that they are orphans, the same cubs are also exploited for tourist cub petting and, once older, for the 'walking with lions' activity. The adult lions are then sold off to trophy hunters for canned hunts or killed for the lion bone trade. This is a cycle of mistreatment that must end."
Prices for these canned hunts start at about $5,000 and go as high as $65,000 or more.Hunters get to take the heads and skins home, while many of the bones reportedly make their way to China and other countries for use in traditional Asian medicine. The film has earned praise from conservation groups. “Blood Lions is perhaps the most in-depth and significant look inside the insidious world of South African canned hunts (The Born Free Foundation provided funding for the film.) “It shows how nefarious these operators are and visually depicts the massive cruelty of canned lion hunting in grotesque detail.”
most hunters who pay to shoot captive lions come from the United States. Born Free recently analyzed legal lion exports from South Africa and found that 5,000 of 8,318 lion trophies exported between 2000 and 2013 were sent to the U.S. “That means that roughly three out of every five lion trophies were imported into the United States,”
Although official counts of the number of lions in captivity in South Africa are not available, the documentary estimates that between 6,000 and 8,000 big cats live in breeding facilities, waiting to be shot. South Africa officially labels them “education and conservation facilities.Blood Lions premiered at the Durban International Film Festival in July 2015 and will screen throughout South Africa starting Aug. 14. International and U.S. distribution is in the works.
Vile Trade In Numbers
£30,000: Cost of 3-day hunt to kill one of the lions
800: Lions killed every year on canned hunts
10: Shots it takes for amateur to kill beast
£25,000: What duped volunteers pay to look after lions
8,000: Lions currently on farms in South Africa
Airlines Ban Lion Trophies Today, about 65 percent of legal trophy hunts in Africa are done by Americans. And this week, three major U.S. airlines made it harder for those hunters to bring back their trophies.Delta, United, and American announced that they would no longer allow the transport of hunting trophies from endangered animals on their flights.These bans “reflect our values as a society, since many people clearly have a visceral reaction to trophy hunting of endangered species,Hunters can still ship their trophies back to the U.S. if they secure permission from the Fish and Wildlife Service and if they use a freight company like UPS, which has declined calls for a ban.
- More And More Companies Are Refusing To Participate In The Transport Of Hunting Trophies -
No Hunting Trophies:Etihad Airways, KLM, Air Europa, Virgin Atlantic, Virgin Australia, Virgin America, Brussels Airlines, Qatar Airways, Air France, British Airways, IAG Cargo, Qantas, Singapore Airways, Austrian Airlines, Binter Canarias, JetBlue (no trophies nor CITES protected species), Comair, Hawaiian Airlines, CityJet, LOT Polish Airlines, Aer Lingus, Ethiopian Airlines, Iberia Airlines, Finnair (including no skins/hides), Vueling Airlines, Aeroméxico, FastJet, The Mediterrenean Shipping Company, ParcelForce, airberlin.
No transport of the "Big Five": Air Canada, WestJet, CargoJet, American Airlines, United, Delta, Air New Zealand, Condor
Also:Emirates (embargo on CITES Appendix I listed animals and plants; hunting trophies of elephant, rhino, tiger and lion)Lufthansa Cargo (no trophies of the African fauna for carriage from Africa) Swiss International Air Lines (no transport of CITES App I species; no lion parts of any kind) SriLankan Airlines (no game/hunter trophies or any part of an animal killed in the wild or listed as endangered or protected) Turkish Airlines (no hunting trophies, no shark fins, no raw/processed remains of live animals, no animals for research purposes, no dead animals, no infected live animals, no pregnant mammals, no rodents, no poisonous animals)
Visit Blood Lions Web Site For More Info www.bloodlions.org
The Lion Bone Trade Conservationists are warning of a new potential threat to Africa's wild lion population: The increasing use of lion bones to replace tiger bones in traditional medicine in parts of Asia.The lion bone trade, which has surged since around 2008, is mostly based on the legal hunting of captive-bred lions in South Africa, with negligible impact on the country's wild lion population, according to a study released last month.
More research is needed to determine whether the "harvesting" of lion bones may be occurring elsewhere in Africa.Lions are designated as vulnerable on an international "red list" of species facing threats. The International Union for Conservation of Nature noted successful lion conservation in southern Africa, but said lions in West Africa are critically endangered and rapid population declines were recorded in East Africa.
There are more than 9,100 lions in South Africa, two-thirds bred in captivity, according to the report. Estimates of the continent's wild lion population vary. Some experts cite 20,000 or so, a sharp drop from past decades.The lion bone report said demand in China and Southeast Asia followed stronger conservation measures aimed at protecting tigers and other Asian big cats, possibly prompting dealers to turn to African lions as a substitute.Legal exports of South African lion skeletons increased from about 50 skeletons in 2008 to 573 in 2011.
Tourists volunteer at the centres in South Africa believing they are helping return orphaned cubs to the wild – but the animals end up as big game trophies.one of thousands of naive tourists and gap year students who fly out to South Africa and pay to help hand-rear cubs in 200 breeding centres which claim to be carrying out research and maintaining a "genetic pool" of lions should the species become extinct.
"Most volunteers are in their late teens and early 20s and they just see a chance to get up close with wild animals that would normally not be possible.Critics say most of the cubs have been orphaned as their parents were hunt victims."Male lions are the favourite trophies because of their nice manes.Other lions, mostly females not kept for breeding, are killed and have their bones harvested for China’s medicine trade.A Facebook campaign called Volunteers in Africa Beware (www.facebook.com/volunteersbeware) which works to highlight the cruel trade to would-be volunteers.
Lions Are Not Officially Endangered, But They Are Decreasing In Number
On March 1, 2011, Defenders and other groups petitioned the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to list the African lion as endangered. A listing is necessary because both the population and the range of the African lion are in alarming decline. In recent decades, the number of African lions has declined by at least 48.5 percent. Today, there are fewer than 40,000 African lions remainingmost of them in just a handful of countries. They are severely threatened by retaliatory killing stemming from human-wildlife conflict, habitat loss and degradation, loss of prey and unsustainable international trade.If the African lion is listed as endangered, the U.S. government will: Generally ban imports of lions and lion parts into the U.S.;Increase funding and conservation opportunities for African lions in their range states;Work with the Secretary of State to encourage foreign countries to conserve African lions and to enter into conservation agreements with these countries; and Authorize the President of the U.S. to use debt owed to the U.S. by foreign countries to develop and manage programs for conserving the lion.
The lion (Panthera leo) is synonymous with wild Africa, however few people realize that illegal killing, relentless habitat loss, and habitat fragmentation has left this species teetering on the brink of extinction. Nearly a century ago, there were as many as 450,000 lions living in the wild in Africa. Today, the most recent surveys estimate that there are fewer than 20,000 to 30,000 lions living in the wild in Africa today. Lions have vanished from over 80 percent of their historic range and currently exist in 28 countries in Africa and one country in Asia (India). They are extinct in 26 countries. Only 7 countries: Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe are believed to each contain more than 1,000 lions.
Gujarat is home to 523 Asiatic lions in the Gir forest and other areas in Junagadh, Gir Somnath, Amreli and Bhavnagar districts.
Still Struggling After 34 Years Under Federal Protection,Fewer Than 50 - 100 Ocelot Roam Texas.
Scotland's WildCats Down To :The Last 400 For further information about Scottish Wildcats,or to find out how you can help with their predicament go to. www.scottishwildcats.co.uk
Amur Leopards are the rarest big cats in the world.Only 30 are known to exist in the wild, with a bit more than 200 in zoos.
Siberian Tigers in the Russian Far East have bounced back to a stable population of about 500 thanks to vigorous conservation efforts.
Leopard Lose in 2007 :-(on January 16, 2008, the Ministry of Environment and Forests of India published a press release concerning the number of leopard-killings in 2007 and the total number of leopards in 26 mainland Indian states and territories. According to this statistic 168 leopards were killed in India in 2007. This is supposed to be the number of reported deaths. In fact the estimated number of unreported cases must be much higher,because nobody can tell how many illegally killed leopards found their way to the markets of Tibet or other destinations out- or inside India And finally another remark: The report says Madhya Pradesh & Chhatisgarh hold a total of 2,206 leopards
Hope For Rare Cheetahs Cheetahs may be the world?s fastest moving creatures, but it isn?t saving them from possible extinction. In the 1970s, the number of Asiatic cheetahs was estimated to be from 100 to 400; today, thanks mainly to poaching, fewer than 60 remain, mostly on Iran?s arid central plain. But there?s a glimmer of hope. Two groups of these rare cheetahs, including five adults and four cubs, were recently spotted in central Iran. The Environment Protection Organization of Iran has joined forces with the United Nations Development Program and the Wildlife Conservation Society to protect the cats.(From Animal Wellness Magazine 11-18-05)
Florida Panther Causes of death: The most common documented cause of death is roadkill. Since 1972, more than 100 panthers have been killed by traffic. The second leading cause of death intraspecific aggression (when one panther kills another). Since 1972, there have been 43 documented cases of intraspecific aggression.Vehicles have killed more than 100 Florida panthers since 1972, as far north as Interstate 95 in St. Johns County, as far south as Card Sound Road in Miami-Dade County. But, no place is deadlier for panthers than State Road 29. Also called Cougars,Pumas,Catamounts an America`s Lion.
India`s Tigers New Delhi, Mar 28 2011 (PTI): The tiger population in the country has risen to 1,706 in 2010 from 1,411 in 2006, the latest Tiger Census released today said, thanks to sustained conservation efforts,That`s about a 20% rise.The 2006 Census had shown a sharp fall in the number of tigers in protected areas - reserves, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries - in 19 states across the country.
The Iberian lynx is one of hundreds of European species in danger of extinction, the European Union announced earlier this week.Classified as critically endangered, the Iberian lynx is one of the most endangered cat species in the world and is only found in Portugal and Spain.Other threatened species include mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds and butterflies as a result of loss of habitat, pollution, invasion by exotic species and climate change.Biodiversity is under attack and species extinction is occurring at unprecedented rates", said European Environment Commissioner Janez Potocnik.
In 2015 The Federal wildlife officials are moving to remove federal protection for the Eastern Cougar, who is believed to be extinct.Some hope cougars from the west who are growing in number will eventually make their way east to fill the role that’s been left vacant, but for now the loss leaves the Florida panther as the only subspecies of these predators east of the Mississippi River.According to the FWS, Florida panthers once ranged throughout the Southeast, but they now exist in less than 5 percent of their historic range, with one breeding population of 120 to 160 individuals in southwestern Florida.
Wildlife Groups Say 41 Tigers Have Died In India This Year Six months after India boasted that its tiger population was growing fast, conservationists on Wednesday August 14th 20015 said 41 big cats had already died this year and worried that the country was not doing enough to save them.Despite awareness campaigns, India's National Tiger Conservation Authority and the wildlife group TRAFFIC say only seven of the cats died from natural causes, one was killed by authorities and the rest were illegally poached between January and August.In January, Indian environment authorities had claimed conservation efforts were working as the number of tigers in the country had risen to 2,226 in 2014, up from 1,706 counted in 2010.Experts say the partial death toll proves India was not doing enough to protect the endangered predators, noting 66 tigers died during all of 2014.
Taplejung, Aug 31 - 2015: The numbers of snow leopards and Himlayan blue sheep have reportedly gone up in the Kanchanjunga Conservation Area Project (KCAP) area. Both species are in the list of the endangered wildlife. There are presently 24 leopards in the area and this number was just 18 in 2009, the Project claimed. Similarly, the number of Himalayan blue seep is said to be increased by 700 to reach 1,813. The Project had launched a campaign for the conservation of snow leopard campaign in 2009, Project Chief Sujit Kumar Shrestha said. The Project that was established in 2054 BS covering four villages- Yamphudin, Olangchunggola, Lelep and Tapethok- has been handed to local community.
Friday, January 20, 2017 Skeletons of 800 LIONS to be shipped to the Far East sparking fury from conservationists
CONSERVATIONISTS have condemned plans for the skeletons of 800 captive bred lions to be shipped to the Far East for use in traditional medicines.The Story Link> Skeletons of 800 LIONS to be shipped to the Far East sparking fury from conservationists
Five species of Asian big cats are currently listed on Appendix I of CITES, prohibiting international trade in their parts and derivatives: tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus), snow leopard (Panthera uncia), clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) and Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica).
Tigers and snow leopards are listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List, while clouded leopards are listed as vulnerable and leopards as near-threatened. There are fewer than 4,000 tigers, an estimated 4,000-6,000 snow leopards and 10,000 clouded leopards left in the wild. The global population estimate for the leopard is uncertain; however, it is almost certainly the most commonly recorded Asian big cat species in seizures. All four of the species’ population trends are decreasing, with a recent marked increase in the trade in clouded leopards in the illegal wildlife trade.
These interactive maps are based on datasets compiled by EIA and derived from publicly reported seizures of tigers, leopards, snow leopards and clouded leopards (live or carcasses) and their parts and derivatives (including skins, bones, teeth, claws and products).
The map also includes observations by EIA and other NGOs of these species or their parts and derivatives being offered for sale. The map indicates that few or no seizures have taken place in persistent trade hubs where Asian big cat skins and derivatives have been observed for sale.
(Tiger Seizures And Trade Observations, 1999 To July 2017 And
Seizures And Trade Observations Of Leopard, snow Leopard & Clouded Leopard, 1999 To July 2017)
These mapped incidents derive from records of seizure and trade incidents compiled by EIA, which in total represent more than 6,938 Asian big cats seized from trade since 1999; approximately half of these incidents are depicted on the map.
This is not an exhaustive data set and represents a fraction of the actual level of trade since 1999, much of which goes undetected. This information derives from a range of publicly available sources, including reports by Education for Nature Vietnam, the Wildlife Protection Society of India (WPSI), TRAFFIC, Wildlife Friends Foundation Thailand, Wildlife Alliance, Freeland Foundation, Wildlife Conservation Nepal, Wildlife Trust of India, WildTeam, Fauna & Flora International, ProFauna, NABU, WCS, IFAW and WWF, along with academic papers, court records, reports from intergovernmental & government agencies and media sources.
In many cases, the exact locations where incidents occurred were not reported; in these instances, incidents have been mapped to central locations in the town, region or country where they are known to have occurred.
The map is an ongoing project and as such EIA welcomes referenced information to update the map and dataset. The full dataset is available for the purposes of research and analysis from charlottedavies[at]eia-international.org.
Pounce To: The Illegal Trade And Seizures Tiger Asian Big Cats (Map).
Mane Threats To Big Cats Include:
Their habitat is being destroyed. The jaguar has lost almost 50 percent of its historical range in Latin America. The lion has lost 75 percent of its range in Africa, and the tiger a stunning 93 percent across Asia.
Humans are hunting and depleting their prey base.
Big cats themselves are hunted. Often, this is retaliation for preying on livestock or because they are sought after for their body parts (teeth, claws, and bones are still used in traditional medicine).
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